Trees & Shrubs Weed profiles & Native alternatives
I’M A WEED
Evergreen coniferous tree to 20 m high with a single trunk and spreading branches and paired needle-like greyish, green leaves 5-8 cm long, 1 mm in diameter. Female cones are woody, reddish, conical, 1-3 together on thick scaly stalks, 5-11 cm long. Male cones are small, scaly and clustered. Female cones open to release small black seeds with a membranous wing.
Threat / Problem
• Invades native vegetation.
• Inhibits growth of any understorey.
• Reproduces readily from seed spread by birds, wind and water or movement of soil.
• Best during Spring, as an immature plant before flowering.
• Cut young trees at ground level in minor infestations, anytime.
• Important to cut the trunk as close to ground level as possible. It is not necessary to swab.
GROW ME INSTEAD
Shrub or small tree to 5 m high with light-green needle-like leaves. Produces small smooth cones that open to release winged seeds. Found in open mallee and on calcareous soils. Slow growing, but worth the wait. Makes a good living Christmas tree when grown in a pot. Interesting foliage.
OR GROW ME
Tree 5-9 m high, with drooping long branchlets and segmented greygreen needle-like “leaves”. Female trees produce elongated spherical cones which release small winged seeds when dry. Male trees have yellow-brown flower-spikes.
Usually found in grassy woodland, forming pure stands, or amongst eucalypts and in rocky coastal areas.
Important food source for parrots. Highly palatable to kangaroos, rabbits, snails and livestock, especially when young. Good for windbreaks or shade.
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